Though it has been close to a week since I came back from vacation, my brain seems to be in India! During my vacation in Hyderabad, visiting the ‘Raithu Bazaar’ (Farmer’s market) was an interesting experience. Since I am not a fan of purchasing fruits and vegetables in the store like we do here in Minnesota especially in the winter season, I treasure the experience of buying vegetables from the farmer’s market. And in India, due to the variation in climatic conditions across the country,  each state has its own variety/specialty of vegetables.

When one speaks of plant diversity in India, the two major regions that come to mind are the Western Ghats, and the hilly regions of the North East.Some of the plants native to the North East region include Lablab beans and Smooth Gourd.

Lablab Beans

Lablab Beans

However, it is worrisome to read that climate change has effected the indigenous vegetables of Nagaland. According to the news report, climate change has effected the growth of the vegetables, not only resulting in scarcity of vegetables, but also decrease in their quality, and increase in the prices.

“What used to be a thriving season for indigenous pumpkins and jute plant leaves, they have still not sprouted. The rising temperature is causing some indigenous vegetables to perish and many other have lost their original taste.”
Some of the observed effects of Climate Change in India as identified by Greenpeace.org include “rising sea levels, flooding mangroves dotting coast lines, fall in agriculture productivity, and altered configuration and productivity of forest eco-systems.”
Thanks to our policy makers, industrialists, and the combined ignorance and greed of the educated class, India is among the top 5 countries of the world with the highest greenhouse gas emisions, with the total carbon dioxide emissions from India estimated to be 1,342,962 thousands of metric tonnes. (Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_carbon_dioxide_emissions) This is certainly not a distinction to be proud of.
We need to pay more attention in understanding the effects of climate change.We must provide farmers with all the tools and information required not only to mitigate the effects of climate change, but also to adapt their agricultural practices to shifting climatic changes. Read more at http://www.morungexpress.com/frontpage/21455.html